Until a few years ago, practically no effective fertility protection therapies were available. Thanks to recent progress in reproductive medicine, there is now a broad spectrum of therapy options for women who may want children some time in the future and who have to undergo cytotoxic therapy. The specific protective therapy to be used depends on the time remaining until the onset of cytotoxic therapy.
- A clinical established method which has been optimised by FERTIPROTECT is ovarian stimulation to extract, fertilise and cryopreserve fertilised oocytes. This technique requires a time window of about two weeks before cytotoxic therapy is initiated.
- Recently, it has also become possible to freeze unfertilised oocytes, which is particularly important for young women who do not have a stable partner. If the time window is shorter than two weeks, ovarian tissue can be collected laparoscopically in order to be cryopreserved.
- A medicinal therapy option is to administer GnRH analogues. However, their effectiveness has not been proven conclusively, so that this option is often combined with the above techniques.
- If radiotherapy is applied to the pelvis, it is possible to separate the ovaries from the uterus laparoscopically and to fix them under the diaphragm.